Using footnotes in a research paper

The entire essay is typed double-spaced, except for Footnote citations at the foot of the page. Most often MLA footnote format asks writers to make use of in-text citations, instead of a footnotes. Any content included in a footnote will typically be done last. Consult with your professor about which form to use and always remember that, whichever style of citation you choose, apply it consistently throughout your paper.

They are used to offer commentary or cite references on a specific part of text in the body of the paper. Footnote Note citing a particular source or making a brief explanatory comment placed at the bottom of a page corresponding to the item cited in the corresponding text above. This can include specific pages, sections, or volumes.

For example, if the main paragraphs of your essay include reference to work written by someone other than yourself, you must acknowledge the quote or reference, in parenthesis, and follow this up with the surname of the original author and the page number indicting where the reference can be found in the originating source.

They are intended to refer readers to the exact pages of the works listed in the Works Cited, References, or Bibliography section. The corresponding number appears outside of the sentence.

Each of these things will necessitate a specific variation of the MLA style be followed. In your text, add a superscripted number immediately after the quote or reference cited with no space. If the source cited has no author stated, use whatever minimal information is needed to identify the work previously cited, e.

Hubbard, Example Book New York: Make sure that the footnote is necessary. Make sure that the footnote is necessary. Depending on how they are created [i. In a Bibliography, each citation consists of a minimum of three statements or sentences, hence each entry requires a minimum of three periods, e.

Simply omit the unknown information and continue with the footnote as usual. Citation of an online resource. If you end up having a lot of additional information, consider adding to the body of the paragraph.

There are several footnote formats. Ask yourself, is this supplementary or tangential information that would otherwise disrupt the narrative flow of the text or is this essential information that I should integrate into the main text? Footnotes are typically a condensed version of a citation at the conclusion of a text.

How to Footnote a Website Technology is ever changing, and as such, the process for standardizing citation on websites has not yet been formalized. Most often, editors of books, journals and other media will ask that parenthetical information be included in footnotes as a way to control the prose of the document.

Follow the spacing as shown in the example below, e. They can follow all punctuation marks except dashes. A reader may believe you are trying to hide something by burying it in a hard-to-find endnote.Things to keep in mind when considering using either endnotes or footnotes in your research paper: 1.

Footnotes are numbered consecutively throughout a research paper, except for those notes accompanying special material (e.g., figures, tables, charts, etc.). Information on how to write footnotes and endnotes.

Sample Footnotes in MLA Style

Footnotes, a type of citation format, are most often used for history and philosophy papers. Footnotes, a type of citation format, are most often used for history and philosophy papers.

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How to Write Footnotes

Hire Writer. Number Footnotes and Endnotes consecutively using a superscript, e.g., 7. For Endnotes, you must use the same superscript number (as in your text) at the beginning of each Endnote in your Endnotes list. Things to keep in mind when considering using either endnotes or footnotes in your research paper: 1.

Footnotes are numbered consecutively throughout a research paper, except for those notes accompanying special material (e.g., figures, tables, charts, etc.). Numbering of footnotes are "superscript"--Arabic numbers typed slightly above the line. If you are using footnotes, the note will appear on the same page as the information you are documenting, at the bottom (or "foot") of the page.

If you are using endnotes, the note will appear together with all other notes on a separate page at the end of your report, just before the bibliography. Compiling footnotes at the end of your paper Below is an example of how you might format your footnotes if you compile them on a separate page at the end of your .

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Using footnotes in a research paper
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